Research Projects

Research is a critical tool to understand what we know about the Port Royal Sound, what questions are left to be answered, and how to prioritize future research. In the Port Royal Sound Research video series, we visit with local scientists doing research on the Sound to learn what they do, why they love it, and why it is so important.

Videos funded by a grant through Dominion Energy and produced by Harden Creative

In this episode, Dr. Eric Montie and Alyssa Marian from the University of South Carolina Beaufort share about their work with dolphins.

In this episode, Gary Sundin and Graham Wagner from South Carolina DNR share about their work with oysters.

2022 State of the Sound Symposium

The Port Royal Sound Foundation’s first State of the Sound Symposium was held on February 11, 2022, sponsored by Dominion Energy & The Spring Island Trust. Moderated by Dr. Chris Marsh, the event hosted 11 area experts from SC Department of Natural Resources and University of South Carolina Beaufort who discussed what knowledge currently exists about the ecology of the Port Royal Sound. A series of short talks covered an array of topics including crustaceans, fish, underwater soundscapes, dolphins, shorebirds, water quality, geology, and land use. A roundtable discussion followed that explored how future research can help us better understand and protect this incredible resource in the heart of the Lowcountry.

Citizen Science Program

The Port Royal Sound Foundation Citizen Science Program (PRSF CSP) inspires conservation of the Port Royal Sound by engaging local community members and organizations in the collection and compilation of water quality data. With this long-term, widespread monitoring data, we are better prepared to take action to protect the vital environmental resource at the center of our culture and community.

This is a collaborative partnership with the University of South Carolina – Beaufort and Clemson Extension Adopt-A-Stream.
Click here to view current data for all of South Carolina. Zoom in on the Port Royal Sound to see the data being collected by our volunteers right in your backyard!

For more information, contact:

The Spring Island Trust Motus Tower

A third of bird populations in the United States are in decline, so understanding where critical habitat is and when it is used has become vital information. The Motus tracking system works by using automated radio telemetry arrays that “ping” and record any animal (birds, bats, insects) that has a corresponding tag. With these data points, researchers begin to connect the dots and potentially answer critically important questions that could help protect these important species.

We are proud to partner with The Spring Island Trust and the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources without whom none of this would be possible.

Hohonu Tide Gauge

Alongside partners, Hohonu deploys sensors that monitor water levels and transmit data to an online database. This tool allows real-time interpretation of tidal data and compares water levels against defined-thresholds to inform actions like closing roads or alerting communities to potential flooding. In the long-term, this data is being used by agencies like NOAA to better understand the impact of sea level rise, and environmental consulting firms can more precisely measure the impact of their coastal restoration projects.
Thank you to Beaufort County for their assistance in installing a Hohonu tide gauge on our Maritime Center dock.

Click the link below for a quick view, create an account for full access: https://dashboard.hohonu.io/map-page

Trail Cameras

What kinds of species inhabit the salt marshes and maritime forest adjacent to the Port Royal Sound Foundation? How much diversity can co-exist on a 108-acre plot of land? With the deployment of game cameras, we can track animal populations on this small 100+ acre preserve and answer questions about the Maritime Center’s backyard. By sorting through the photos captured on these cameras, we are understanding how healthy our deer population is and how many predators, such as bobcats and foxes, our nature preserve can support.

Dominion Energy Solar for Students

Renewable energy is a critical tool as the world looks ahead to a more sustainable future. Solar energy is one of the most well-known renewable resources, which uses solar panels to convert sunlight into electric power. The 1.2 kilowatt solar system outside the Maritime Center was provided by Dominion Energy through its Solar for Students program. Dominion Energy partners with the National Energy Education Development Project (NEED) to provide solar arrays and educational materials to partnering schools and nonprofits, like the Port Royal Sound Foundation. As part of this program, students learn about renewable energy and can track how much electric power our solar panel generates.

Oyster Research and Restoration by SCDNR

On May 16, 2015, the SCDNR Shellfish Research Section and S.C.O.R.E. gathered volunteers, stakeholders, and PRSF staff to install three types of oyster restoration structures at PRSF’s Sharon and Dick Stewart Maritime Center shoreline, as part of a collaborative project funded by the National Estuarine Research Reserve System (NERRS) Science Collaborative. The three types include repurposed derelict crab traps, oyster castles, and bagged oyster shells. In addition, manufactured wire reefs (MWR) were installed on April 19, 2016 by SCDNR Shellfish Research Section with funding from S.C. Sea Grant Consortium. These living shoreline structures are designed to provide substrate upon which larval oysters naturally attach and grow, creating dense intertidal oyster reefs. These reefs improve water quality, provide habitat for numerous marine species, and help protect shorelines from erosion. Since installation, these structures have recruited oysters and have been successful at capturing sediment, creating significant elevation increase behind the reef, in-turn leading to an expansion of marsh vegetation.

Research Supported by PRSF

USCB Marine Sensory & Neurobiology Lab Newsletter – November 2022

Lowcountry Council of Governments. “Marsh Evolution and Sedimentation: Defining a Method to Categorize Marsh Typologies, Accretion, Elevation, and Health for Use in Restoration Techniques.” 2022.

USCB Marine Sensory & Neurobiology Lab Newsletter – September 2022

PORT ROYAL SOUND FOUNDATION INTERIM PROGRESS REPORT AUGUST 2022
Bottlenose Dolphin Monitoring in the Port Royal Sound Area – Establishing a Flagship Program for the Port Royal Sound Foundation

Monczak, Agnieszka, Bradshaw McKinney, Jamileh Souiedan, Alyssa D. Marian, Ashlee Seder, Eva May, Thomas Morgenstern et al. “Sciaenid courtship sounds correlate with juvenile appearance and abundance in the May River, South Carolina, USA.” Marine Ecology Progress Series 693 (2022): 1-17.

USCB Marine Sensory & Neurobiology Lab Newsletter – May 2022

Bledsoe-Becerra, Yessenia M., Iesha S. Whittaker, Jeremy Horowitz, Katherine Medina Naranjo, Jicayla Johnson-Rosemond, Kristen H. Mullins, Karena M. Cunningham et al. “Mitogenomics reveals low variation within a trigeneric complex of black corals from the North Pacific Ocean.” Organisms Diversity & Evolution (2022): 1-11.

Perry, Cameron T., Zoe A. Pratte, Ana Clavere-Graciette, Kim B. Ritchie, Robert E. Hueter, Alisa L. Newton, G. Christopher Fischer et al. “Elasmobranch microbiomes: emerging patterns and implications for host health and ecology.” Animal microbiome 3, no. 1 (2021): 1-15.

Monczak, Agnieszka, Bradshaw McKinney, Claire Mueller, Eric W. Montie. “What’s all that racket! Soundscapes, phenology, and biodiversity in estuaries.” PLoS ONE 15, no. 9 (2020): e0236874. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0236874

Monczak, Agnieszka, Andrea Berry, Chris Kehrer, and Eric W. Montie. “Long-term acoustic monitoring of fish calling provides baseline estimates of reproductive timelines in the May River estuary, southeastern USA.” Marine Ecology Progress Series 581 (2017): 1-19.
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